Auto Sexing Texan Pioneer
Whereas the origin of most breeds of pigeons may be rather obscure in history, the origin of the Auto-Sex Texan Pioneer is very definite as to time, place, breeds used, and purpose.
This development project began in Houston Texas in 1953 by Mr. Delwin V. James. The Texan Pioneer was developed to obtain the most efficient squab producer possible. This meant a squab having not only plumpness, but also an exceptionally high dress out to live weight ratio. Bred from parents who are fast producers, good feeders, not overly large, and having high disease resistance, and a long producing period of life. This requirement called for the development of a terrific breast, with small heads, small legs and feet, and the reduction of wing and tail size. The forerunner of the Texan Pioneer was called the Auto-Sex Texan. This was a loft name given them for record purposes only. The Texan was produced with an auto-sex factor through the use of Auto-Sex Kings and the French Mondains, giving a hybrid of 3/8 Auto-Sex King and 5/8 French Mondain.
The perfect squabbing type was quickly recognized for its show quality. It was from this observation that the show type Auto-Sexing Texan Pioneer came into being. The Auto-Sex Texan Pioneer has tight feathering, broad breast, short tail and wings, and has a fairly straight back and tail line. The mature birds will weigh between 28 and 34 ounces in prime condition. The average squab weighs 24 ounces live weight at 30 days of age. The Auto-Sexing factor allows the identification of cocks and hens at any time from hatching date on. The hens are long down and will feather out faded colors of blue, black, ash-red, or "T" pattern ash-red, while the cocks are short down, white with some flecking of colored feathers on neck and some about the body. This auto-sex factor breeds pure as long as pure Auto-Sex Texan Pioneers are mated together.
In the past few years, the Recessive Red color has emerged in the Texan Pioneer Breed. This is a very beautiful color. The cock is a very light yellow, while the hen is dark red. Here again, these colors breed true as pure Recessive Red Pioneers are mated together. The Auto-Sex Texan Pioneer breed was recognized by the National Pigeon Association in 1961 as a new/pure breed. The Texan Pioneer Association was formed in 1963 and has been affiliated with the NPA every year since. Texan Pioneers have been shown at most NPA shows since 1961.
SCALE OF POINTS
Body 25 pts.
Eye Cere 5 pts.
Head 10 pts.
Neck 10 pts.
Wings 10 pts.
Tail 10 pts.
Feet & Legs 10 pts.
Feathers 10 pts.
Station (Carriage) 10 pts.
Old Birds: 28 to 32 ounces
Young Birds: 26 to 30 ounces
BODY (25 pts.): The Texan Pioneer is to be a blocky, large breasted, solid, firm bodied bird. The length and depth of keel to be approximately 3 5/8" and the width of the keel to exceed the depth and length giving an over square appearance.
EYE CERE (5 pts.): All Texan Pioneers are to have a narrow flesh colored eye cere.
HEAD (10 pts.): The head of the Texan Pioneer is to be small but in proportion to the body, be held up and back giving the alert appearance, and is to taper to a "V" toward the beak.
NECK (10 pts.): Medium size, not coarse, short and contouring gently into the body.
WINGS (10 pts.): Carried up on the tail and lying flat (no sideboard effect); to be held firmly to the body, wing butts to be full covered, and coverts to cover back completely.
TAIL (10 pts.): Approximately 6" long from the back of legs to the tip of the tail. As near as possible to be one feather wide, and carried approximately 3/4" longer than the wing tips and with as little a "knob" as possible. The Texan Pioneer should feel as though it will slip out of your hand when held properly.
FEET AND LEGS (10 pts.): Legs as small as possible yet in proportion to the body, wide set and with the drum sticks and thighs well fleshed. Toes shall be fine boned and short. Legs to be nearly straight, not to give a squatty appearance.
FEATHERS (10 pts.): All birds to be fully feathered with hard feathers firmly held to the body. Feathers with the oily sheen indicate one of good health. Loose feathers are undesirable.
STATION [Carriage] (10 pts.): Approximately 10 1/2" long and high, to be one of alertness and good health, not flighty, and with the beak carried approximately 3/4" back of the front line of the breast.
* Under or over weight, all birds are to be weighed as they are checked into the show.
* Any damaged or sick birds.
* Any that show signs of trimming or plucking.
* Any deformities, frill or crest feathers, extra toes, crooked or missing toes, crooked keel, and/or crooked beak.
Here is a correct Texan.
GENERAL CARE: The breed is an easy one to care for. They are relativity self sufficient. With adequate feed and water and room in the loft they will prosper.
A Texan loft should have at lest three square feet of floor per pair. Including community feeder. Texans spend a lot of time on the floor of the loft. There will be a lot of competition among cock birds and there will be fighting. Dividers on the floor to seperate nest boxes helps to cut down on fighting.
Feed: Texans should be fed as other pigeons. A cafeteria feeding system works well. For example I feed four types of grain. Whole corn, Milo, Wheat and Peas. The pigeons will eat what they need. For example if they feel they need more protein they will eat more peas. Here is an example of a cafeteria feeder.
The breed are good parents and there is no need of the keeper to interfere with rearing. The squab are weaned at four weeks for age. The breed is very disease resistant and easy to maintain.
Although the squabbing aspect of the breed is controversial, the breed is a joy to show. And I cant help but think how many families made it through tough times during the depression with the help of birds slimmer to this.
This is a proud and unafraid breed, and I have had such a good time raising them.
General pics of the breed:
Mess with the rooster and you'll get the spurs.
Mess with the rooster and you'll get the spurs.